Chosroes II

   Persian king (590-628); the grandson of Chosroes I (q.v.). He inherited a war with Byzantium (q.v.) that was begun in 572 and fought mainly over control of Armenia (q.v.). The war ended in 591 after Maurice (q.v.) intervened in a civil war in Persia (q.v.) to put Chosroes II on the throne. The resulting treaty was advantageous to Byzantium, for it ended the annual tribute to Persia (q.v.), ceded to Byzantium much of Persian Armenia and eastern Mesopotamia (q.v.), and returned two important frontier towns, Dara and Martyropolis (qq.v.). However, war erupted again when Phokas (q.v.) overthrew Maurice in 602. Chosroes II invaded Mesopotamia, Syria, and Asia Minor (qq.v.), allegedly to revenge the death of Maurice. When Heraklios (q.v.) came to power in 610, the war continued in Persia's favor until Heraklios launched a counteroffensive in 622 that ended in the destruction of Persia's army at the battle of Ninevah in 627. Chosroes II was overthrown and murdered the following year.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • CHOSROES II — Persarum Rex, throno impositus, A. C. 591. Hormisdam patrem, a subditis in vincula coniectum, benigne frustra tractare conatus, tandem fustibus occidi iussit. Hinc a subditis pulsus, cum equo frenis temere laxatis in aliquam urbem Romanorum… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Chosrŏes — (a. Geogr.), so v. w. Khosroës …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Chosroes — Chosrŏes, parthischer König aus dem Hause der Arsaciden, verlor 116 n. Chr. Mesopotamien und Assyrien an Trajan, erhielt sie aber durch Hadrian wieder zurück. – C., Sassanidenkönige s. Khosrev …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • CHOSROES I — Persarum Rex, patri Cabadi successit, A. C. 532. Post aliquem successum, pacem ἀπέραντον cum Romanis iniit, sed fide trienniô post violatâ, vastavit Mesopotamiam, Syriamque, combussit Antiochiam, idem Apameae facturus, nî Thomae Episcopi… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Chosroes — Chosrau ist ein persischer Name, der von einem legendären iranischen König aus der Avesta namens Kai Chosrau stammt. Übersetzt bedeutet er Mit gutem Ansehen. Andere Varianten sind Husrav, Xusro, Khusro, Khosrau, Khusrau, Khosro oder Khusraw. In… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chosroes — Khosrô Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Khrosrô (ou Khosraw, Khosro, Khosrou, Khosrov, Khosrow et Osroes), est un prénom d origine persane. Les grecs l écrivaient Chosroès. Plusieurs rois …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chosroes II — Khosro II pièce datant du règne de Khosro II Khosro II ou Khosrow II (parfois appelé Parviz, le « victorieux » (Khosrow se dit Chosroès en grec), était un empereur sassanide, fils de Hormizd IV (579–590), petit fils de Khosro Ier… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CHOSROËS I —    surnamed the Great, king of Persia from 531 to 579, a wise and beneficent ruler; waged war with the Roman armies successfully for 20 years. CH. II., his grandson, king from 590 to 625; made extensive inroads on the Byzantine empire, but was… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Chosroes I —    Persian king (531 579) whose long reign was a glorious counterpart to Justinian I s (q.v.) reign. He was a reformer, like Justinian I, who revamped the internal administration of his kingdom, made the army (q.v.) more efficient and battle… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Chosroes III de Armenia — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Chosroes III El Pequeño (o Khosrov III Godag), hijo de Tiridates III, fue miembro de la Dinastía arsácida y el rey de Armenia a partir de 330 339 AD. Fue un hombre de corta estatura, por lo tanto, su nombre. Fundó la …   Wikipedia Español

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